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Journal Of The American College Of Radiology General Information

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However, at least three main concerns with 'at home' based cervical orthotics must be acknowledged: The proceedings of the 14th annual biomechanics conference on the spine. Chiropractic management of a patient with subluxations, low back pain and epileptic seizures.

Dufour is board certified by the American Board of Radiology and has earned a Certificate of Additional Qualification in neuroradiology. He has an appointment as clinical professor of radiology at Medical College of Virginia. Maurice Finnegan graduated from the Medical College of Virginia and went on to complete a surgical internship at Charity Hospital in Louisiana, a diagnostic radiology residency at the Medical College of Virginia and a vascular and interventional fellowship at Emory University School of Medicine.

Finnegan is board certified by the American Board of Radiology and has earned Certificates of Additional Qualification in both neuroradiology and vascular interventional radiology. He served as Chairman of the St. His special interests include vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, radiofrequency ablation, and pain management.

Robert Goldschmidt Fellow of the American College of Radiology graduated from the University of Wisconsin Medical School and went on to complete an internship in pediatrics, diagnostic radiology residency and ultrasound and CT fellowship at the Medical College of Virginia.

He served as Chief Resident while in residency. Goldschmidt is board certified by the American Board of Radiology and has earned a Certificate of Additional Qualification in pediatric radiology.

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He is the immediate past president of Commonwealth Radiology, P. His special interests include pediatric radiology and MRI. His special interest is interventional radiology, including uterine fibroid embolization, biliary interventions, vertebroplasty, kyphoplasty, and oncologic interventions such as radiofrequency ablation, chemo-embolization, and port-a-cath placement.

Francis Medical Center completed his diagnostic radiology residency at the Medical College of Virginia where he served as the chief resident. He then completed his fellowship in diagnostic neuroradiology at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. He is board certified by the American Board of Radiology and has achieved a Certificate of Additional Qualification in neuroradiology.

His special interests are neuroradiology, MRI, and interventional radiology. Namit Mahajan is a native of Chicago, IL. He completed his medical school training at Saint Louis University in St.

In his spare time, he is an avid sports fan and loves to travel. He completed his internship at St. Vincent Medical Center, Indianapolis, IN and his diagnostic radiology residency at Northwestern University where he was chief resident.

Bobbette Newsome graduated from the University of Virginia Medical School and went on to complete a transitional internship at the Medical College of Virginia. Newsome is board certified by the American Board of Radiology.

Pacious is board certified by the American Board of Radiology and has earned a Certificate of Additional Qualification in pediatric radiology. His special interests include pediatric radiology and nuclear medicine.

Vaden Padgett graduated from the University of Virginia, School of Medicine with the distinction of Alpha Omega Alpha, and stayed to complete his surgery internship and diagnostic radiology residency.

Padgett served as chief resident at the University of Virginia. He completed a fellowship in bone and joint imaging at University of Virginia and joined Commonwealth Radiology in July, Peat is board certified by the American Board of Radiology.

His special interests include MRI, musculoskeletal imaging, and body imaging. She completed a fellowship in bone and joint imaging at the Massachusetts General Hospital. Prizzia is board certified by the American Board of Radiology. During her fellowship, Dr.

Prizzia coauthored a musculoskeletal imaging book. She was a clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School and assistant clinical professor of radiology at Brown University prior to joining Commonwealth Radiology.

Prizzia is a past president of the Richmond Radiological Society. She has been a certified densitometrist with the International Society of Clinical Densitometry since He then transferred to Wake Forest University in North Carolina where he completed a residency in Diagnostic Radiology and remained to complete a fellowship in Breast Imaging.

He is Board certified by the American Board of Radiology. His special interests include breast imaging including mammography, breast ultrasound, breast MR and breast interventional procedures.

Lori Smithson graduated from the Medical College of Virginia and remained there to complete both her diagnostic radiology residency and fellowship in neuroradiology. Smithson is board certified by the American Board of Radiology, has earned a Certificate of Additional Qualification in neuroradiology, and is a senior member of the American Society of Neuroradiology.

She is a past president of the Richmond Radiological Society. Her special interests include neuroimaging and body imaging. Chris Somerville Director of Ultrasound Dr.

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Somerville completed a fellowship in abdominal imaging and intervention at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. Somerville serves as our Director of Ultrasound. His special interests include chest and abdominal imaging. He remained at MCV to complete an internship in internal medicine and residency in diagnostic radiology.

Vaughn is board certified by the American Board of Radiology.

She is an active member in the Society of Pediatric Radiology. Analysis of the cervical spine alignment following laminoplasty and laminectomy.

Various in office cervical extension traction methods. The use of 'at home' cervical extension traction orthotics would seemingly solve several of the key issues with implementation of in office traction methods. Home devices tend to be easier for the patient to use, they are less cumbersome, they are more affordable, and they are likely to be more tolerable.

However, at least three main concerns with 'at home' based cervical orthotics must be acknowledged: There are several different types of home based cervical lordosis corrective orthotics.

Below, I've elected to focus on the cervical denneroll orthotic as it is one of the most applicable, easy to use, and effective when used properly home based orthotics today.

Various at home cervical extension traction orthotics: The Denneroll Cervical Orthotic The cervical Denneroll orthotic device is a simple, yet complex, pillow-like device engineered with curves, angles, and ridges extrapolated, in part, from the CBP evidence based cervical spinal model.

Adrian partnered with Chiropractic BioPhysics in an effort to expand the Denneroll product line, to develop proper indications and contraindications for patient care, and to research-test the effectiveness of the Denneroll in improving the cervical lordosis and patient conditions.

To date, the cervical Denneroll, has been tested in a number of case reports and 2 randomized clinical trials. Today, the cervical Denneroll products are used worldwide by over Chiropractors from North America and Australia to the UK, Europe, Asia, and several other international locations.

Indications for the Denneroll The Denneroll currently comes in 3 sizes adult large, adult medium, and pediatric or small and can be used in many patient conditions and cervical curve configureations.

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There are three primary placements of the Denneroll cervical orthotic device shown in Figures Abnormal cervical curvatures that fit the inclusion criteria for the application of the Denneroll corrective orthotic in the lower cervical region.

These spines must have: Mid-low cervical placement - C4-C6. This placement of the Denneroll will cause slight posterior head translation; however if the larger Denneroll device is used on a small statured individual then it will create some anterior head translation.

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The cervical spine should have straightened or kyphotic mid cervical regions apex of the curve. In cases with significant posterior head translation, as in Figure 5A, the large Denneroll orthotic should be used and a towel can be placed under the Denneroll to increase the height if needed.

Abnormal cervical curvatures that fit the inclusion criteria for the application of the Denneroll corrective orthotic in the middle cervical region.

Upper to mid cervical placement- C2-C4. This placement of the Denneroll is used for posterior head translation with straightened or kyphotic mid-upper cervical curves.

This position allows extension bending of the upper cervical segments while causing slight anterior head translation. In cases like Figure 6A with significant posterior head translation, where the posterior vertebral bodies are behind the ideal red curved line,7 the large Denneroll orthotic should be used.

While in Figure 6B, the small Denneroll should be used. Abnormal cervical curvatures that fit the inclusion criteria for the application of the Denneroll corrective orthotic in the upper cervical region. Contra-indications for the Denneroll: Quite simply put, no spine orthotic is indicated or should be used in every case presentation.

There are both known and proposed risks for extension traction and extension positioning procedures in spine care. The treating -prescribing clinician should perform an examine in every case and perform proper tolerance testing with the patient prior to releasing the patient to use the Denneroll device at home.

Here's a basic proposed list of journal of the american college of radiology for Denneroll orthotic patient use: Moderate to severe mid to upper thoracic hyper-kyphosis; Large, rigid anterior head translations that does not reduce with extension; For a more complete list of contraindications for the Denneroll device, please consider the cervical Denneroll training DVD series available at this link: The subjective complaints were typical complaints seen with whiplash injuries, such as neck pain, sclerotome pain referral to lower neck and upper thoracic spine from probable facet joint injury, headaches, etc.

In this case, the patient elected simply not to perform in office traction due to time constraints. Once this goal was achieved, after 2 weeks 4 weeks after injuryshe was placed on 1 session of use per day working up to 20 minutes daily.

DMX was chosen as she persisted with headaches and any evidence of ligamentous laxity can be documented. Notice in just 2 weeks of use, the cervical kyphosis is starting to reduce! After 40 sessions of home use, and 36 visits total treatments, with her symptoms and outcome studies showing her nearing pre-injury status, she was prescribed another follow up DMX.

The changes on this final follow up x-ray were quite amazing as evidenced below in Figure 7. These patients usually complain of chronic cervical pain, muscle rigidity and restricted motion. Many of these patients spend much of their day in cervical flexion or anterior head translation and have lost the capacity to truly extend and move their cervical spines.

Long term relief for these patients is generally not possible without some form of effective structural and soft tissue rehabilitation.

It is for the above reasons that we typically will recommend that patient performs a series of strengthening and flexibility exercises for their cervical spine prior to performing either in office cervical extension traction or at home Denneroll cervical extension traction.

Don Meyer of California. This device was modified after the cervical neck strap used and taught for this exercise by myself in the CBP Cervical Rehab Seminars for the past several years. Typically we will have the patient perform various forms of cervical exercises using this exercise band for approximately minutes prior to performing or using cervical extension traction devices.

The Pro-Lordotic exerciser is shown in Figure 8. A simple series of exercises with this band are shown on the below youtube links; however, it should be obvious that the treating clinician should select the proper exercises for the individual patient: For product ordering information see the following link: While nothing is without controversy, the majority of past and present research reports indicate that the cervical lordosis plays a pivotal role in human health, many spine disorders, and several health disorders.

While in office treatment programs combining cervical extension traction procedures should be considered the gold standard for consistent, predictable improvements in patients suffering from abnormalities of the cervical lordosis, at home based corrective cervical spine orthotics should be implemented as well.

The cervical Denneroll is one of the most applicable, easy to use, most cost effective, and outcome effective home based cervical extension orthotics on the market today.

Clinicians should be aware of the indications and contraindications for at home usage of this device.

Our Mission

I hope this presentation assists in your delivery of effective patient intervention in the office and with supplementation of at home devices. For more information on the Denneroll Orthotic, please visit http: Harrison DD, et al.

Determining a clinical normal value for cervical lordosis.

Debra L. Monticciolo, Mary S. Newell, Linda Moy, Bethany Niell, Barbara Monsees, Edward A. Sickles.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther ; The curve of the cervical spine. Roentgenographic findings of the cervical spine in tension-type headache.

Braaf MM, Rosner S. Trauma of the cervical spine as a cause of chronic headache.

Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Players of American Football

Cervicogenic dysfunction in muscle contraction headache and migraine: Mental disease and cervical spine distortions.

Traumatic thoracic outlet syndrome. The use of flexion and extension MR in the evaluation of cervical spine trauma: Correlation of cervical lordosis measurement with incidence of motor vehicle accidents.

Publications

Norris SH, Watt I. The prognosis of neck injuries resulting from rear-end vehicle collisions. J Bone and Joint Surgery ;B: Soft-tissue injuries of the neck in automobile accidents.

J Bone and Joint Surgery ;A: Evaluation of the cervical spine in whiplash injuries. Kristjansson E, et al. Is the Sagittal configuration of the cervical spine changed in women with chronic whiplash syndrome?

A comparative computer-assisted radiographic assessment. Hyperextension strain or "whiplash" injuries to the cervical spine. Skeletal Radiology ; 24 4: Adjacent disc biomechanics after anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion in kyphosis.

Comparison of axial flexural stresses in lordosis and three buckled configurations of the cervical spine. Evaluation of axial and flexural stresses in the vertebral body cortex and trabecular bone in lordosis and two sagittal cervical translation configurations with an elliptical shell model.

Biomechanical analysis of buckling alignment of the cervical spine: Effects of strain distribution in the intervertebral discs on the progression of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligaments.

Katsuura A, et al. Kyphotic malalignment after anterior cervical fusion is one of the factors promoting the degenerative process in adjacent intervertebral levels.

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